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Breeds of Cows Directory: "B": Bachaur - Busa

Information contained here is summarized from many different sources. Please refer to those sources for complete information. Major contributors are Oklahoma State University, Coroba University of Spain, Department of Animal Breeding and Genetics, School of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Domestic Animal Diversity Program of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Google Images and Wikipedia

 

Bachaur

The Bachaur appears to belong to the group of shorthorned white or light-gray cattle. The breed has very close similarity to the Hariana breed. Some think it may be a deteriorated strain of the Hariana. The breed is well-known for its draft qualities and ability to thrive with lower quality feeds. The breed is found in the Bachaur and Koilpur subdivisions of the Sitamarhi district of Bihar State, India.The Bachaur are compact with straight backs, well-rounded barrels, short necks and muscular shoulders. The forehead is broad and flat or slightly convex. The eyes are large and prominent. The horns are medium-sized and stumpy. Ears are medium-sized and drooping. The hump is compact, firm and medium-sized. The sheath and navel flap are light and close to the body. The dewlap is medium-sized and not so heavy. The feet are fine, well-shaped and strong. The height of a bull behind the hump is 58-62 inches and the heartgirth measurements range from 68-72 inches. The tail is short and thick and usually does not go far beyond the hocks. The most common color is gray or graying white.

 

 
Baharié see Kuri
 
Baladi, Also known by: Arab, Oksh, Akshi, Anatolian, Bedouin, Djebeli, Kleiti
The Baladi are a draft breed found in Israel, Syria, Lebanon and Jordan. They are similar to the Jaulan but are smaller. The Baladi range in color from brown to black or pied. Approximately 30% are polled.
 
Baltata Romaneasca, also known as Romanian Spotted Cattle
Since 1860, the Baltata Romaneasca, also known as Romanian Spotted Cattle, breed has been formed as the result of a long crossing between the Grey Romanian Cattle native breed cows with Simmental bulls imported from Switzerland, Austria, Germany, Czech Republic and Slovakia. The historical provinces that offered the best breeding conditions were: Banat, Transylvania and Bucovina. Nowadays the Romanian Spotted Cattle is the most numerous breed in Romania.
Its color is red with white (with shades from brick red to chestnut), yellow with white (varying from light yellow, sand to wheat yellow ochre). Its head, limbs down the hocks and knees, the lower barrel, the udder, the brisket, the medium and inferior third of the tail are white. The muzzle is pink, the horns and hoops are yellow.

The occurrence of some pigmented zones on the head, limbs and barrel are not breed impurities, these must be considered as resulting from the Romanian Grey as maternal breed.

 
Bannai see Kankrej
 
Barka, Also Known As: Begait
The Barka come from the area of western Eritrea in Ethiopia and belong to the North Sudan Zebu group. They are one of the four major breeds found in Ethiopia. Used primarily for milk and meat production, the breed is usually white with black spots or splashes. Occasionally red or colorsided individuals will be seen. The breed is usually horned although polled individuals are occasionally seen.
 
Barzona
The development of the Barzona began in 1942 when F.N. Bard and his wife, at their ranch in the intermountain desert area of Yavapai County, Arizona. They hoped to develop a breed that would be adapted to their area which was rugged and rocky, with extreme temperatures, sparse rainfall, and scattered feed. Said Bard, "I want to find a breed-or make a breed of cattle, that with the same number, on the same range, will produce more pounds of salable beef."
Modern Barzona are a medium size beef animal. Actual mature size varies somewhat with the environment. It is distinguishable by its longish head and may be either horned or polled. Barzona are generally medium red, but color may vary from dark to light red, with occasional white on the underline or switch.
 
Basco-Béarnais see Béarnais
 
Batanes Black, Batangas see Philippine Native
 
Bazadais
The Bazadais is found in the region surrounding Gironde-Landes in France. The exact origins of this breed are unknown but it has been found in this region for centuries. The popularity of the breed began to increase in the late 1800's and steadily increased in numbers until World War II. The Bazadais has been gradually changed from a sturdy work animal into a reputable beef breed.

The Bazadais are long and heavy with the cows standing 135 cm and weighing 650 kg. The average size for the males is 145 cm in height and 950 kg in weight.

 
Béarnais, Also known by: Basco-Béarnais
Most of this breed of cattle are owned by the Conservatoire des Races d'Aquitaine. The animals are older cattle, bought because of an interest in the breed. They are kept as potential producers of bulls and are either approaching, or past, 20 years of age. A part of this herd used to spend the summer in the Pyrenees, returning to the 'Ferme Conservatoire' only for the winter.

This very special breed is still milked by some mountain farmers. They content themselves with 7 or 8 liters of a milk which is very rich but pale in color. The cheeses (called 'tomes') they make from this milk look similar to the 'tomes' made from sheep or goat's milk (and is in fact often mixed with them).

This is also a very ancient type of cow and it is interesting to note that they were selected for breeding more for their aesthetic qualities (especially their horns) than for any reasons of productivity.

 
Bechuana see Tswana
 
Bedouin see Baladi
 
Beefalo
Beefalo is a species cross between Bison (buffalo) and domestic cattle of any breed. The purpose of the species cross was to blend the outstanding qualities of the Bison with outstanding qualities of the bovine breeds of the world.

Many individuals have tried to cross the Bison and bovine but it was not until the 1960s that a major breakthrough took place. The cross between the Bison and the domestic and exotic beef breeds resulted in the best of both species coming together to produce a superior animal.

The cross between the Bison and beef breeds combined the superior hardiness, foraging ability, calving ease, and meat quality of the Bison with the fertility, milking ability, and ease of handling from the bovine. The cross has also given increased meaning to the term of hybrid vigor. Beefalo animals can be more efficient, which can cut input costs and improve profits.

The basis of the Beefalo program is the fullblood, an animal which is exactly 3/8 Bison and 5/8 bovine. There is no stipulation on the breed used to make up the 5/8 bovine, but any of the beef breeds is generally used.

 
Beefmaker
Development of the Beefmaker by the Wright family began in 1972 on the NSW properties Wallamumbi and Jeogla. Its breeding is based on a specially designed genetic program which involves infusing Simmental blood with specially selected base Herefords.

The Beefmaker program was designed to produce an animal with faster growth rates, heavier carcass weights, an improved ratio of lean carcass meat to fat, maximum fertility, improved lactation, and greater stress tolerance compared to the two contributing base breeds.

After eight generations the Beefmaker has been stabilized at 75 percent Hereford and 25 percent Simmental content. It has established a national reputation for high conversion efficiency levels, high carcass yields and low maintenance costs.

 
Beefmaster
Beefmaster cattle have been developed by the Lasater Ranch then headquartered in Texas. The breeding program leading to their establishment was started by Ed C. Lasater in 1908, when he purchased Brahman bulls to use on his commercial herd of Hereford and Shorthorn cattle. The first of these bulls that he used were principally of Gir breeding, although some of the Nelore breed were also used. In 1925 he introduced Guzerat blood into the herd.
Mr. Lasater also developed a registered Hereford herd in which the cattle had red circles around each eye. In both his Brahman and Hereford breeding, milk production was stressed. Following his death in 1930, the breeding operations came under the direction of his son, Tom Lasater, who began to combine the breeding of the Brahman and Hereford cattle and also used some registered Shorthorn bulls. After making crosses of Brahman-Hereford and Brahman-Shorthorn, he felt a superior animal had been produced and called the cattle "Beefmaster." The exact pedigree of the foundation cattle was not known. The breeding operations were carried on in multiple-sire herds nd rigid culling was practiced. The Lasater Ranch estimates that modern Beefmaster have slightly less than one-half Brahman blood and slightly more than one-fourth of Hereford and Shorthorn breeding.
 
Begait see Barka
 
Belarus Red, Also Known By: Krasnaya belorusskaya (Russian), Krasnobelorusskaya (Russian), Byelorussian Red, Red White-Russian, White-Russian Red
In the course of their history Belarus Red cattle were repeatedly improved by infusion of the blood of the superior related red breeds. During the last 100 years the blood of six breeds was used, Angeln and German Red at the end of the last and early in this century, Polish Red and Danish Red in the twenties and thirties, and Estonian Red and Latvian Brown in the fifties of this century. The blood of Danish Red cattle is currently being introduced again.
The appearance of the Belarus Red cows is characterized by the following features. The head is medium long, not wide, with a long face. The poll is pronounced. The horns are of medium size. The neck is thin and of moderate length. The withers are not sharp, occasionally divided. The chest is of medium depth, wide enough. The back is level, slightly narrow. The loin is long and level, of medium width. The mid-part of the body is well developed. The abdomen is capacious, not drooping. The rump is level, slightly raised. The hindquarters are of medium length and width, with protruding hips. The legs are comparatively thin, bony, not long, correctly set. Sometimes legs are splayed or bowed. The udder is medium in volume, glandular, cup-shaped or roundish. The teats are cylindrical, of medium size. The skin is thin, elastic, mobile. The skeleton is light and strong. The musculature is moderately developed. The conformation is harmonious and compact; the constitution delicate.
 
Belgian Blue, Also Known By: Race de la Moyenne et Haute Belgique, Belgian Blue-White, Belgian White and Blue Pied, Belgian White Blue, Blue, Blue Belgian
These cattle originated in central and upper Belgium and they, at one time, accounted for nearly half of the cattle in the national herd. Local red-pied and black-pied cattle were crossed with Shorthorn cattle imported from England from 1850 through 1890. Some sources also cite the introduction of Charolais breeding throughout the 19th century. A true breeding policy was established in the early 20th century when the breed was established. At one time the breed was divided into two strains, one primarily for milk production and the other a beef animal. Selection is now primarily for beef.

The Belgian Blue Breed of beef cattle is relatively new to the United States but is rapidly gaining acceptance with beef breeders and dairymen. Belgian Blue cattle as they exist today are the result of selective genetic breeding and development conducted in Belgium by Professor Hanset at the AI Center in the Province of Liege. In the late fifties, a debate arose among the breeders, the question being whether to maintain the dual-purpose type as it was or to select for more muscling. The muscling prevailed. Concerning this critical period, three famous AI sires are to be cited: Gedeon and two of his grandsons Ganache and Vaiseur. From them came the model of the breed.

The Belgian Blue is a large sized animal with rounded outline and prominent muscles. The shoulder, back, loin and rump are heavily muscled. The back is straight, rump is sloping, tail set is prominent and skin is fine. It has fine but strong legs and can walk easy.

The color can be white, blue roan or sometimes black. The breed is known for its quiet temperament.

 
Belgian Red, Also Known By: Rood ras van België (Flemish), Rouge de Belgique (French), Red Flemish, West Flemish Red, West Flemish
The Belgian Red was developed in West Flanders region of Belgium. It is a dual-purpose breed, producing both meat and milk, and is similar to the Flemish Shorthorn.

During World War I the pastures of West Flanders were turned into battlefields which practically eradicated the cattle population. Two important native types, the Cassel and the Veurne-Ambacht, were among these breeds. After the war the breeders cooperated to form a new breed which was called the West Flemish. It later became known as the Belgian Red. Belgian Red cattle are now found throughout West Flanders and constitutes about 7% of the Belgian national herd.

 
Belmont Adaptaur
The Belmont Adaptaur was developed in Australia in the 1950s from crosses between Herefords and Shorthorns. It is selected mainly for increased resistance to the stresses of the tropics, particularly heat and cattle ticks.
Adaptaur bulls are early maturing and medium size. They are relatively easy care: sleek coat, well pigmented eyes and good resistance to heat, ticks and internal parasites.Some Adaptaurs have extremely high resistance to cattle ticks as they carry a gene that has a major effect on resistance. In conjunction with the Australian Hereford Society, the frequency of the gene is being increased by embryo transfer and assortative mating.
 
Belmont Red
The Belmont Red was bred by the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization’s (CSIRO) Division of Animal Genetics near Rockhampton in Queensland, Australia. Its genetic background is approximately 50 percent Africander, 25 percent Hereford and 25 percent Shorthorn.

The breed has been developed to improve the fertility of Bos indicus breeds while retaining the characteristics of heat and tick tolerance. Their performance has been proven in comparison trials on research stations in Australia and Africa.

The Belmont Red has exhibited higher fertility than pure Bos indicus breeds and better than most other Bos indicus X Bos taurus crosses. Their docile nature and good performance have been recognized by Pacific Islands and the Philippines where improvement in livestock population is carefully monitored.

Heat tolerance has remained remarkable good and tick resistance, while lower than that in pure Bos indicus, is still high.

 
Belted Galloway
The Belted Galloway is essentially the same in origin and characteristics as the Galloway, and are set apart from the Galloway by the distincitve white belt that is thought to have been introduced by an infusion of Dutch Belted blood, probably in the seventeenth or eighteenth century, according to "History of the Belted Galloway Society, Inc.," The Herd Book of the Belted Galloway Society, Inc. (vol1, 1951-1971) by A. Mims Wilkinson, Jr
For years the belted cattle, often called "Belties," were registered in the Polled Herd Book that was started in 1852 and registered Aberdeen-Angus and Galloways. In 1878 the Galloway breeders acquired rights to their portion of the herd book. Later the Dun and Belted Galloway Association was formed. After 1951 the name of the organization was changed to the Belted Galloway Society and dun cattle were no longer registered.

The first Belted Galloways were imported to the United Staes by Harry A. Prock, Whitemarsh, Pennsylvania in 1950. There have been limited importations of the breed since that time but the number brought have not been large.
It is claimed that the Belted Galloways are larger, milk heavier, and grow more rapidly than the parental breed. The distinctive white belt found in Belted Galloways often varies somewhat in width and regularity but usually covers most of the body from the shoulders to the hooks. The white contrast to the black coat, which may have a brownish tinge in the summer, sets the breed apart with its striking color pattern. The fore part of the udder may be within the white belt.

 
Bengali, Also Known By: Chittagong Red, Kamdhino, Madaripur, North Bangladesh Grey
The Bengali originated in what is now Bangladesh and Bengal, India. It is one of the Zebu or Bos indicus breeds native to India. The Bengali ranges in size from small to dwarf. The image on the right side of this page shows the size comparison between a mature Gir and Bengali animal.
 
Berrendas, Also known by: Berrendas andaluza, Berrenda espanolas, Berrenda roja andaluza, Berrendas negra andaluza
The Berrendas is a rare breed used for as guide animals for fighting bulls. There are two varieties, the Red Berrendas (Berrenda roja andaluza) and the Black Berrendas (Berrendas negra andaluza).

The conformation of the breed is similar to the Analusian or Retina breed, which are closely related.
Image source: Universidad de Córdoba, Spain

 
Berrenda andaluza, Berrenda espanolas, Berrenda negra andaluza, Berrenda roja andaluza see Berrendas (above this)
 
Bhagnari
The Bhagnari is draft type. They are found in Bhag territory in north of district Jacobabad in Baluchistan Province. The color varies from white to gray, deepening to almost black on the neck, shoulder and hump in mature males. The average weight at maturity is 600 kg for the male and 480 kg for the female.

A typical Bhagnari is compact and massive having well proportioned body and limbs, a medium head with the neck being short and strong with a small dewlap. The ears are small and pointed. The horns are stumpy and the sheath is tight with a small, medium hump. The back is somewhat straight, hind quarters are wide, muscular and drooping. There is a black switch of tail and they are suitable for heavy draught work.

 
Blaarkop see Groningen Whiteheaded
 
Black and White Swedish see Swedish Friesian
 
Black-and-white Holland see Dutch Friesian
 
Black Canadian see Canadienne
 
Black Pied Dutch see Dutch Friesian
 
Black Trondheim see Blacksided Trondheim and Norland (right below this)
 
Blacksided Trondheim and Norland, Also Known By: Sidet trønderfe og nordlandsfe, Black Trondheim, Colorsided Trondheim and Northlandm Nordland, Røros
A naturally polled, small-boned, coloursided cow with short legs. Normally it is blacksided, but other colors such as red, gray, or brindled-sided animals occur. This breed is found in northern Norway.

It is a dual purpose breed with good milk-yielding properties. It is common to the mountain areas of Trondelag and Nordland counties and is considered a good grazing animal that is efficient on a high-roughage diet.

 
Blanca Cacereña, Blanca guadianese see White Cáceres
 
Blanco Orejinegro, Also Known As: Antioquia, Bon
The Blanco Orejinegro (meaning: white black-eared) are of the Crillo type and come from the Antioquia region of Colombia. They are white with black points. The coloration of the breed has lead to speculation as to its ancestory with possible connections to Wild White, Swedish Mountain, Trondheim, Mauritius or White Italian cattle considered possible. A more likely origin is that the breed was simply selected for the color pattern over a period of time.

The breed is used for draft and dairy purposes on the coffee plantations of the area as well as pack animals in the mountains.

 
Blonde d'Aquitaine
Three strains of cattle comprise the Blonde d'Aquitaine. The are the Garonnais strain, the Quercy, and the Blonde des Pyrenees. These cattle are from the southwest part of France: from the plains of Garonne, the hills of Garonne, and the Pyrenees Mountains. The Blonde d'Aquitaine trace to cattle that were in the area in the middle ages, when blonde cattle were used to pull carts carrying weapons and goods. There have been infusions of Shorthorn, Charolais and Limousin breeding but this was followed by selection back toward the original type. The cattle were valued as draft oxen and for their meat and milk.

The Blonde d'Aquitaine breed exhibits a history of selective breeding pressures that have resulted in the economically valuable breed that we know today. Its muscle development, hardiness and docility are products of its early development as a draft animal.


This well-muscled breed is covered with short, light colored hair. The head of the Blonde d'Aquitaine is long from poll to muzzle. The forehead and muzzle are broad, the face triangular. Horns are light in color and thick at the base, darkening at the tip.
 
Blonde des Pyrenees see Blonde d'Aquitaine (above)
 
Blue, Blue Belgian see Belgian Blue-White
 
Boenca see N'dama
 
Bohinj Cika, Bohinjska cika see Slovenian Cika
 
Bonsmara
The Bonsmara has been scientifically bred and strictly selected for economical production in the extensive cattle grazing regions of South Africa. The Bonsmara has become so popular that it has grown to be numerically the strongest beef breed in South Africa in less than 25 years.
The name "Bonsmara" was derived from "Bonsma", the man who played a major role in the development of the breed, and "Mara", the farm on which the animals were bred.
In summary, use the Bonsmara because it has been strictly selected for growth, fertility and functional efficiency, being the economically important traits emphasized by the master breeders of the cattle industry.
 
Boran
Kenyan ranchers developed the Boran from the cattle of the Borana people of southern Ethiopia. The breed was found in southern Ethiopia, northern Kenya and southwestern Somalia. The Boran belongs to the East African Shorthorned Zebu type and is raised primarily for meat production.

The Boran is a medium-size Bos indicus breed that shows high resistance to heat, ticks, and eye diseases. It can endure scarcity of water and can live on low quality feed.

Borans are highly fertile and mature earlier than most other Bos indicus breeds, and are noted for their docility.

They are usually white or grey but are also found in red or pied. Bulls often displaying black points.

They were imported to Australia in 1990.

 
Bordelais
It was thought that this breed had completely disappeared about 30 years ago, when some cross-bred (but descended from the original breed) animals were discovered in several parts of southwest France.

The program initiated by the 'Conservatoire des Races d'Aquitaine' quickly produced results. This farm
took on several cows and some bulls. The first of these bulls was selected out for artificial insemination.

The Bordelais is a dairy breed which originated from Dutch and Breton blood. Largely extinct since the 1960's because they were replaced by the Friesian.

 
Bosnian see Busa
 
Boudouma see Kuri
 
Boyenca see N'dama
 
Boz Step see Turkish Grey Steppe
 
Braford
Brafords, like most recognized breeds today, were born of necessity - the necessity to consistently and efficiently produce a uniform product in specific production environments. Working with a base of Brahman cows that were primarily Partin and Hudgins breeding, Alto Adams Jr. began using Hereford bulls on his St. Lucie County, Florida ranch in 1947. The resulting steer and heifer calves were outstanding, but the Hereford bulls required to produce those calves had extreme problems with feet, eyes and general livability. Adams quickly realized that using Hereford bulls that were not adapted to South Florida was simply not feasible and he began experimenting with various types of Brahman-Hereford cross bulls. Eventually he identified Braford bulls that were producing calves that met his needs and he used these bulls and their offspring to form what is recognized as the Foundation Herd of the Braford breed in the United States. Brafords are known for superior maternal ability. Early puberty, fertility, calving ease, optimum milk production, maternal aptitude and productive longevity have earned Brafords this distinguished reputation. Braford cattle are approximately 3/8 Brahman and 5/8 Hereford.
 
Brahman
The Brahman breed originated from Bos indicus cattle originally brought from India. Through centuries of exposure to inadequate food supplies, insect pests, parasites, diseases and the weather extremes of tropical India, the native cattle developed some remarkable adaptations for survival. These are the "sacred cattle of India," and many of the Hindu faith will not eat meat from them, will not permit them to be slaughtered, and will not sell them. These facts, in conjunction with he quarantine regulations of the United States, have made it difficult to import cattle from India into this country.

All the Bos indicus cattle are characterized by a large hump over the top of the shoulder and neck. Spinal processes below the hump are extended, and there is considerable muscular tissue covering the processes. The other characteristics of these cattle are their horns, which usually curve upward and are sometimes tilted to the rear, their ears, which are generally large and pendulous, and the throatlatch and dewlap, which have a large amount of excess skin. They also have more highly developed sweat glands than European cattle (Bos taurus) and so can perspire more freely. Bos indicus cattle produce an oily secretion from the sebaceous glands which has a distinctive odor and is reported to assist in repelling insects.
Brahmans very in color from very light grey or red to almost black. A majority of the breed are light to medium grey. Mature bulls are normally darker than cows and usually have dark areas on the neck, shoulders and lower thighs.

 
Brahmousin
The Brahmousin breed blends the best of Limousin and Brahman characteristics. Purebred Brahmousin are classified as five-eights (5/8) Limousin and three-eights (3/8) Brahman. This mix has been found to be the most widely accepted and most useful for the majority of the United States. However, the American Brahmousin Council offers a flexible program that allows animals that are not purebred to be recorded as long as they are at least one-quarter (1/4) Limousin and one-quarter (1/4) Brahman. It is important to note, that in order to be recorded as a Brahmousin, the animal must be sired by a registered Limousin bull, registered Brahman bull or a registered Brahmousin bull.
 
Brangus
The Brangus breed was developed to utilize the superior traits of Angus and Brahman cattle. Their genetics are stabilized at 3/8 Brahman and 5/8 Angus.

The combination results in a breed which unites the traits of two highly successful parent breeds. The Brahman, through rigorous natural selection, developed disease resistance, overall hardiness and outstanding maternal instincts. Angusare known for their superior carcass qualities. They are also extremely functional females which excel in both fertility and milking ability.

 
Braunvieh, Also Known By: Brown Mountain, Brune des Alpes, Bruna alpina, Grey-Brown Mountain, Swiss Brown
Braunvieh is a German word meaning Brown Cattle. There were at least 12 types of brown cattle found in the mountains of Switzerland during the 1600's. These animals showed a wide variation in type and size depending on where they were raised and they form the basis for the modern Braunvieh. Focused selection began in the canton of Schwyz. By the 19th century, breeders began to export these animals to surrounding regions. A breeders society was formed in Switzerland in 1897 and is called Schweizerischer Braunviehzuchtverband. In 1974, they accounted for 47% of the cattle found in Switzerland, second only to Simmental. These cattle have been exported throughout the world including western Europe, former eastern block countries and Russia. In many cases the breed was used to improve the quality of the local cattle.

In Europe, the Braunvieh are still primarily used for milk production. In comparison to the European Holstein-Friesian they are approximate equal in average daily gain, % milk fat, % milk protein, calving ease and calf mortality. The Braunvieh are lower in milk yield, muscularity, age of sexual maturity and milkability. The Holstein-Friesian has retained more beef characteristics than the American Holstein.

Braunvieh are various shades of brown, predominately mousy brown, but ranging from light brown with gray to very dark brown. The border of the muzzle is very light, as is the poll, and often a lighter colored dorsal stripe is seen. The udder and inside of the legs and underline also being the lighter shade. A darker, smokier shading is often evident around the shoulders and neck compared to the rest of the body. The switch of the tail is dark brown to black. The skin is pigmented, the muzzle is black, and the hooves are dark and very hard.

Body weights range from 1,200 to 1,500 pounds for adult females and 2,100 to 2,500 pounds for adult males. Steers at optimum slaughter weight are 1,100 pounds at 13 months of age.

 
British White
The British White first came to notice in 1697 on the dispersal of the herd at Whalley Abbey. This herd is considered the fountainhead of the breed and was probably created by crossing a polled bull from Cleveland, in northeast England, with the 'wild' horned white cattle of the area near Whalley. These cattle went to Gisburne and then to Somerford around 1725. From there it spread to East Anglia which was for many years the center of activity for this breed. The oldest existing herd, Woodbastwick which is owned by the Cator family, is found here.

The British White and White Park cattle were listed in the same herd book from 1921 to 1946 when a separate herd book was started for each. Originally two types, polled and horned, were admitted into the society, but since 1948 only polled have been accepted for registration. The cattle, as their name implies, are white with, normally, black points, nose, muzzle, eyelids, teats and feet. A few cattle have all red points, which is acceptable for registration. The British White Cattle Association of America (BWCAA) was formed in 1988 and it joins British White societies of Great Britain and Australia in promoting and registering the polled British White cattle of the world.

There is much confusion in the United States between the White Park breed and the British White breed. There are three associations and cattle of the same color are accepted by all the associations. The White Park is a horned breed and blood typing of the White Park has shown it to be very distant in relation to most of the modern breeds of cattle. Sources also state that the mature White Park in Britain are, on average, 300 pounds heavier than either the British White or the American White Park.

The British White is polled (genetically hornless), docile and was a dual purpose breed (beef and milk) until 1950. Since then the British Whites selection has been for beef production with carry over heavy milk production.
The American British White cow is of moderate size, 1000 to 1500 pounds. Bulls are from 1800 to 2300 pounds. They are smooth polled although an occasional "scur" is observed. Both bulls and cows are very docile in nature. The cow udders are well set and tight with small black teats. Back lines are straight and strong with a slight slope to the tail head. The bull's scrotums are well shaped and large in size, a 38-42cm circumference in yearling bulls is normal.

 
Brown Mountain see Braunvieh
 
Brown Swiss
Switzerland, The Native Home of the Brown Swiss breed of cattle, is a very rough and mountainous country with a total area of about 15,940 square miles. However, about 25 percent of the area is covered with rocks, lakes, rivers, snow-capped mountains, and glaciers, and there are only about eight million acres of productive land of which one half is used for hay and pasture. The Alps separate Switzerland on the southern border from Italy, and the Jura Mountains form the boundary between Switzerland and France. Much of the arable land of the country lies in the central plain, which has an average elevation in excess of 1,200 feet. Here the climate is very enjoyable most of the year with an average mean temperature of about 50 degrees F. The plain has an annual rainfall of approximately that of the midwestern Corn Belt region of the United States, but in the mountainous regions the winters are very severe and excessive rainstorms are common during the summer months.
The Brown Swiss, as we know it in the United States today, originated in the cantons of Schwyz, Zug, St. Gallen, Glarus, Lucerne, and Zurich of Switzerland. The canton of Schwyz was the scene of most of the early improvement, and in Switzerland the breed is often referred to as Schwyer or Brown Schwyzer. Unimproved cattle similar to the Brown Swiss have been in this territory for a considerable period of time. All the cantons in which the breeds originated are inhabited by German speaking people, and apparently large cattle were brought in from Germany to improve the cattle of Switzerland, which until about 1860 were often quite lacking in size. The brown cow is known as Braunvieh in German speaking countries; Bruna Alpina in Italy, Brunedes Alpes in France, and Pardo Suizo in Spain and Latin America including Brazil.
 
Bruna alpina see Braunvieh
 
Brune des Alpes see Braunvieh
 
Buduma, Budduma, Budumu see Kuri
 
Buša, Also known by: Bosnian, Illyrian
Buša are a small native breed with numerous strains found throughout southern Yugoslavia, Croatia, Bosnia, Macedonia and Serbia. A herdbook exists for this breed which, in 1984, represented about 20% of the cattle population of the country. The average cow stands 104 cm at the withers and weighs between 230 and 270 cm, while the average bull measures 115 cm at the withers and weighs between 340 and 430 kg. Color varies according to the regional strain. Buša from the Metohija region of Yugosalvia, for example, are red, while the Macedonian strain is blue-gray.
 
Byelorussian Red see Belarus Red


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